FCI N°166 del 30/08/91
German Shepherd Dog
Head: The head should be in
proportion to the body size (in lenght approximately 40% of the height at the withers) and
not coarse, overrefined or overstreched (snipey). In general appearance, it should be dry
with moderate breadth between the ears. The forehead when viewed from the front or side is
only slightly arched. It should be without a center furrow or with only a slightly defined
furrow. The cheeks form a gentle curve laterally without protrusion toward the front. When
viewed from above, the skull (approximately 50% of the entire head length) tapers
gradually and evenly from the ears to the tip of the nose, with a sloping rather than a sharply
defined stop and into a long, dry wedge-shaped muzzle (the upper and lower jaws must be
strongly developed). The width of the skull should correspond approximately to the lenght
of the skull. The muzzle is strong; the lips are firm and dry and close tightly.
Dentition:Dentition must be healthy,
strong and complete (42 teeth). The German Shepherd Dog has a scissor bite. An undershot
or overshot bite is faulty, as are large gaps between the teeth. A level bite is faulty,
as the incisors close on a straight line. The jaws must be strongly developed so that the
teeth may be deeply rooted.
|Eyes: They are of
medium size, almost shaped, somewhat slanting and not protruding.
The color should blend with the color of the coat. They should
be as dark as possible. They should have a lively, intelligent and self-confident
Neck: The neck should be strong with well-developed muscles and without looseness of the throat skin (dewlaps). The neck is carried at an angle of about 45 degrees to the horizontal. It is carried higher when excited and lower when trotting.
Body:The body length should exceed the height at the withers. It should amount to about 110 to 117% of the height at the withers. The chest is deep but not too wide. The underchest should be as long as possible and pronunced. The ribs should be well formed and long, neither barrel shaped not too flat. The abdomen is moderately tucked up. The back, including the loins, is straight and strongly developed yet not too long between the withers and the croup. The wuthers must be long and high, sloping slightly from front to rear, defined against the back into which it gently blends without breaking the topline. The croup is long and slightly angled (approximately 23°)
Tail: The tail is bushy and should reach at least to the hock join but not beyond the middle of the hocks. The tail is carried in a gentle downward curve, but when the dog is excited or in motion, it is curved more and carried higher. Docked tails are inadmissible.
shoulder blade should be long with an oblique placement (the angle at 45°) and lying flat
against the body. The upper arm joins the shoulder blade in an approximate right angle.
The upper arm as well as the shoulder must be strong and well muscled. The forearm must be
straight when viewed from all sides. The bones of the upper arm and forearm are more oval
than round. The pasterns should be firm but neither too steep nor too down in pastern
(approximately 20°). The elbows must be neither turned in nor turned out.
Coat:The outer coat should be as thick as possible.
The individual hairs
are straight, coarse and lying flat against the body. The coat is short on the head
inclusive of the ears, the front of the legs, the feet and the toes but longer and thicker
on the neck. The hair grows longer on the back of the fore and hind legs as far down as
the pastern and the hock joint, forming moderate breeching on the thighs. A too short or
modelike coat is faulty.
Height and weight:
Males: the height at the withers is from 60 to 65 cm weight from 30 to 40 Kg;
Females: the height at the withers is from 55 to 60 cm weight from 22 to 32 Kg.
|Faults: Faults include anything that impairs working versatility, endurance and working competency, especially lack of sex characteristics and temperament traits contrary to the German Shepherd Dog such as apathy, weak nerves or overexcitability, shyness; lack of vitality or willingness to work; monorchidism and cryptorchidism and testicles too small; a soft or flabby constitution and a lack of substance; fading pigment; blues, albinos and white; over and under size; stunted growth; high-legged dogs and those with an overloaded forechest; a disproportionaltely short, too refined or coarse build; a soft back, too steep a placement of the limbs and anything depreciating the reach and endurance of gait; a muzzle that is too short, blunt, weak, pointed or narrow and lacks strength; an over or undershot bite or any other faults of dentition, especially weak or worn teeth; a coat that is too soft, too short or too long; a lack of undercoat; hanging ears, a permanently faulty ear carriage or cropped ears; a ringed, curled or generally faulty tail set; a docked tail (stumpy) or a naturally short tail.|
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